Annotated Bibliography

Montano, Linda M. “Rituals/Death.” Performance Artists: Talking in the Eighties. (1985): 329. Ebrary. Web. 30 Nov 2011

In Linda Montano’s book she records interviews made with many different people. This was the fourth section and it was on rituals and death. Montano asks this person if they could trace back a ritual that they would do all the way back to childhood. They were able to name a few, like stepping onto steps with the right foot first because if they did not the person would feel like something terrible was going to happen and that would haunt them for the rest of the day. Therefore every time they were met with a set of stairs, they always put their right foot forward. Similarly, the little boy in First Love by Emilia Pardo-Bazan, had a ritual of always going into his aunt’s room when she went to the church for prayers and rummaging through her drawer. In that drawer she had many things which included a painting of her younger self, the little boy fell in love with this painting not knowing it was his elderly aunt. His ritual was to go into her room every time she went out to the church for prayers and look at the painting and kiss it, he could not help himself even when he told himself that he must not do it anymore.


Bauer, Beth Wietelmann. “Narrative Cross-Dressing: Emilia Pardo Bazán in Memorias de un solterón.” Hispania. 77.1 (1994): 23-30. JSTOR. Web. 30 Nov 2011

This article in Hispania was about the rumors that Emilia Pardo-Bazan was a cross dresser. This may have come about because of the fact that women could not write books in the 1800’s. Despite that many women did publish books under code male names so that their books can even be considered to be published. During this time many women saw how wrong this was and began to speak out against it. They started finding publishers who decided to publish women writers, and some began to wear pants which in those days were not socially correct.  Emilia Pardo-Bazan was not one of these women though and she did publish many stories. But I wonder if she wrote about males often and if that is the reason why she got published without a male code name.



Davis, Lennard J. “Obsessive Sex and Love.” Obsession (2008): 145-146. Ebrary. Web. 30 Nov 2011

This article is about the connection between obsession and sex. Many people connect the two because they are often related so it is an automatic thing for a person to think of love or sex when hearing the word obsession. But even though people see this as a bad thing, there are many things around us that try tell us that obsession with anything sexual is okay. For example there are many perfumes named after sexual terms and even names like “Obsession”, which gives off the connotation that if you wear this perfume people may be obsessed with you or the way you smell. To be obsessed with something is not the kind of innocent and pure love most people hope to find, its more of an infatuation with something that doesn’t really exist and making up a whole personality for them. Most of the time it is used in a derogatory way. This connects to First Love by Emilia Pardo-Bazan because the little boy in the story was obsessed with this picture and he thought it was his first love. But maybe it was not really love, maybe it was obsession. This little  boy did not know who this girl was or what she might be like, but he was “in love” with the thought of her. Needless to say, when he discovered it was hiss aunt he was immediately disgusted and never wanted to see the picture again.


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